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Since the termination of battlefield administration affairs in 1992 for Kinmen, tourism was opened in the following year. Due to the special geo-strategic location and historical life development that made Kinmen under rigid armor to contain an abundant scene of ecology, experts and scholars all suggested to having a part of the Kinmen area planned as the Kinmen National Park in 1995. All along, Kinmen in its unusual fate has played the important role of ecological conservation and preservation of historical culture. Although due to the factors of warfare, uncontrolled wood cutting, and economic development in the past that made the plantation coverage in Kinmen not complete, till after 1950 when soldiers and civilians on the whole island protected the forest aggressively, which achieved the greening of Kinmen in today. There are 542 species of plants, among them 8 species do not occur on the main island of Taiwan. The plant groups can be generally classified into the coastal vegetation group, and the plain and hill vegetation group. Each group can be further divided into four communities: hydrophyte community, herb community, bush community and forest community. Plants grown in Kinmen mostly have strong vitality or endurance to dryness, endurance to poor soil condition or resistance to wind, endurance to salt mists. It made Kinmen’s plants with more unique characteristics to form their own style, and the enriched plant species also created today’s “Ocean Park – Kinmen”.

Since Kinmen is located near the edge of the Mainland on the routes of migrating birds from East Asia and combined with its low population density, surrounded by the ocean and having many lakes, which all make the natural environment superior. Every year, large numbers of migratory birds as well as transit birds come here to breed, to stay for the winter, or to rest, many of them are different from those seen in Taiwan, which always bring surprises to bird-watchers and can be described as a paradise for bird-watching lovers. There are about 287 species of birds, with 33 species of resident birds that occupy about 13%, and about 29% of migrants, about 45% of transit, and about 13% of vagrants (birds that lost their way). (Liao, 2007) Among them, excluding the local resident birds, the migratory birds occupy about 87%, from which we can see the rich resources in Kinmen. Due to the long period of development in Kinmen, large scale of wild-life is relatively less on the island.

In order to preserve Kinmen’s unique and abundant natural ecological environment, Kinmen National Park has published varieties of narrative media and publication including: books, leaflets, birds sound CD, ecology and humanism film DVD and photographs, etc., in a hope to authentically and inspiringly promote the Park’s ecological resources systematically to increase the travel experience and to enrich the cultural perception for natural ecology.

栗喉蜂虎,英文名字Blue-tailed Bee Eater:藍尾的蜜蜂捕食者.它是熱帶鳥類,春夏期間在中國大陸南方繁殖,秋冬則移到東南亞渡冬,金門因為鄰近大陸,所以每年都會有一批栗喉蜂虎到金門繁衍下一代,它們的數量大約在一千隻左右.鮮豔的外表.嘹喨的叫聲,儼然是金門最受矚目的夏候鳥.

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