Copper Iron
Early irons were made from beaten copper, surrounded by a high-convex central furrow, with a smooth bottom, looking very much like a water scoop, and the central furrow would have been heated through adding red-hot charcoals into the hopper, so that the heat penetrated the charcoal to the walls. The wall has a cut cylinder that can accommodate wood segments for hand grips when pressing wrinkles out of clothing, resulting in an "iron."
Tin Oil Lampstand
Before the advent of electric lighting, people used natural plant materials for lighting, so such lamps not only required convenience in design but a special emphasis on their safe use, ensuring lampstand not only could provide lighting but were also a safe and useful tool. These lampstands were often made of copper, tin and other metal, or ceramics, but regardless of type, they all included four key components: a base, the frame, a tray and removable oil pan.
Double Happiness Emblem Candelabra
Bearing an ornate "double happiness" emblem indicating blessings for a long and happy married life, the top tray of the pillar candelabra can hold a candle, and the design magnificently reveals this to be a special festive candle. Such festive candelabra were made of tin or copper, with ornate bases, while the "double happiness" emblem adds flair of creative ingenuity to the stand, and the topmost tray is not an oil pan, but a catchment’s basin for melted candle wax. The differences between the lampstand and candelabra focus on the fulcrum of the oil pan and candle supports.
Kerosene Lamp
These lamps burn kerosene as their fuel source and are designed with a fuel tank base at the bottom, a fuel hole, and an oil valve in the middle of the glass enclosure. Ignition is accomplished by first lighting some alcohol to spark the kerosene soaked filaments, then adjusting the switch to open the tank after the kerosene oil ignites to reveal a flame. From the 1960s there were forces stationed on Kinmen who did not have any electricity, and the sundry goods stores which primarily sold to these forces, all used kerosene lamps for their lighting.