[ 2009-11-21 ] Jhushan Six-walled House
[ 2009-11-21 ] Jhushan
[ 2009-11-21 ] Jhushan Xiasanluo 
[ 2009-11-21 ] Jhushan Large House
The overturned bowl-shaped terrain of Jhushan Village is considered by local Feng Shui (Chinese geomancy) masters in Kinmen as the layout of “Cave of Running Water Flowing into the Deep Pond,” with a big pond lying in the center of the village embodying belief of “gathering water to generate fortune.” Surrounded by small hills, filled with dense trees, Jhushan leans against Jiyan Mountain, and the most conspicuous traits of the village is centered on grand ancestral shrine and big pond, and orderly-arrayed buildings are built on the gentle slope. According to “Pedigree of Siyue Clan,” Jhushan is also known as Gueishandou (Shueishanzaidou) due to “Great pond in dark blue, a magnificent view of giant rock, and trees in luxuriant growth as far as the eye can see rich green nearby and misty blue in the depth that is of great benefit for the clans to thrive and prosper. The ancestral shrine of founder for Siyue clan is located at the foot of the Jiyan Mountain facing the big pond; the village is divided into two communities, Dashe in the left side of the grand ancestral shrine and Siyaoshe in the right side of the grand ancestral shrine. The main village buildings distributed at the foot of Jiyan Mountain include grand and small ancestral shrines of Siyue clan, Xiasanluo, Dingsanluo, Dajhangfudi, and Jiangjiyundi, all of which face Cising Pond that constitutes the spatial organization of Jhushan Village.

Due to the topographical factors, there is no fixed orientation of the buildings in Jhushan Village. Abided by the taboo to building configuration of “no any building should be built in front of the temple and behind the ancestral shrine,” the building takes ancestral shrine in the center encircling the gentle slope; most of the buildings face the big pond lying in the center of the village, and such layout is of great benefit to the shelter from the wind during winter and drainage.

In comparison to Shanhou and Cyonglin, despite the not-so-spacious layout of civilian buildings in Jhushan, the topography makes the entire village blend with the natural environment harmoniously, exactly embodying the prospect of “The man-made scene looks as if it were created by the power of nature.” “Dingsanluo,” built during the 41st year of the Qianlong Emperor's reign, is the larger building located in Dashe in the village. Economically supported by overseas remittance, large scale additional construction and reconstruction of the village buildings came at the turn of the 21st century, with several main buildings finished in Jhushan in succession including Xiasanluo, Dasandi, and Jiangjiyundi.

The building style of traditional civilian houses in Jhushan Village mainly features one stage mansion with two side rooms and one stage mansion with four side rooms, both which are three-section compound, as the structure and material of wall adopts herring-bone =paving of massive granite or random rubble and windowsills are built with bricks on the top or whitewashed with plaster that presents a pragmatic and simple beauty.

人文-傳統聚落-珠山-建築

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