Immigrants in earlier period chose the sites with abundant water sources, resourceful soil fertility, with adjacency to port and with better shield from gusts as the fundamental requirements for their settlement. In entire Kinmen areas, except Kinmen City Wall, Tienpu, Chengkung and Liehyu where military defenses would be in preferential consideration, resident in most regions have chosen their home sites based on their substantial needs of life. In Kinmen, a majority of the conventional residential villages have come into being with blood relationship clans. In these single family name villages, “house relationship” has been taken for internal spatial organization. In Kinmen, family clan ancestral halls have been their most important clan architectures. Such family clan ancestral halls sponsor ancestral worship activities every year where the settlers’ rights and obligations are divided to cohere the identification and consensus among the clans.

Communal culture realized in traditional architecture is the most precious asset of the Kinmen National Park .Seven of the most representative examples are introduced as below :

● Nanshan and Beishan : Nanshan and Beishan are face to face on the opposite side of the Shuanglihu Lake. In conjunction with Lincuo community the greater area is known as Guningtou, main location ,main location of the Guningtou Battlement. Today sites of ruins and traces of warfare still vividly tell the history of the military conflicts.
● Shanhou : Shanhou represents one of the finest examples of traditional residential plan. With iconic swallowtail ridge design and perfect passage connection, eighteen “two swallowtail ridge” mansions in the community form an entity of consistency and elegance.
● Cyonglin : Well preserved, Cyonglin is the largest residential community in the old times. Featured in this communal area is the high density of shrines and clan centers, which alludes to the large number of government-accredited and recognized individuals among the residents in the imperial past .Up until today, its old-time hierarchical system and ceremonial practice of the clan remain almost unchanged.
● Shueitou : shuietou`s architecture sees a predominating diversification in style. From typical South Fujian grand mansions to buildings with foreign design ,residency documents the change of architectural preference overtime.
● Jhushan : This residential village has its buildings constructed in fine order around the central shrine and the adjacent pond. All houses reside along the surrounding hill, facing down the water, representing the long established geomantic theory of traditional environmentalism.
● Oucuo : Residency in this area is well divide in styles. In the upper section .individual buildings are connected with fortified gate, forming a shared living space besides constructing a better-defended community. In the lower part ,in contrast, the so-called comb layout dominates the architectural character. Distinctive in form, both utter an eloquence of traditional value

Kinmen National Park comprises an abundance of cultural depth. Most important, all of these, being in tangible architecture presentation of intangible customs and traditions, are invaluable asset owned by all who dwell in this island country
 
 
 
 
 
 

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